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How do Cell Phone Towers Work?

Community Manager

How cell phone towers work.jpeg

If you've ever seen a cell phone tower and wondered how it works, then you've come to the right place! Today, we're going to explore the general concept behind the cell tower and uncover how cell phone towers work to connect us to people all around the world.



The Basics

Cell phone towers are also called base stations. They can be free-standing or sit atop a building, a water tank or even trees. Their antennas are usually mounted at a height of 50 to 200 feet.


How They Work

When you make a call using a cell phone, its antenna sends a signal to the base station (or cell tower) that's closest to you. When it receives the signal, the base station responds by giving your cell phone's signal a radiofrequency (RF) that's currently unassigned to anyone else. The RF channel assigned to you then uses waves to transfer your voice signal to the cell tower, which is then sent to a switching center where your voice signals are sent to the person on the other end of your line. This all happens in split seconds, and enables you to have a seamless conversation with anyone – virtually anywhere.


What This Means for You

Because having a cell tower nearby is critical to taking and making calls, and even using certain features on your phone, it's important to choose a carrier with coverage in the areas you use most frequently. This way, you can get connected, and stay connected when and where you need it most.


Check Sprint's map to see the coverage available in your area.